Romanesque Saints, Shrines and Pilgrimage

The 23 chapters in this volume explore the material culture of sanctity in Latin Europe and the Mediterranean between c. 1000 and c. 1220, with a focus on the ways in which saints and relics were enshrined, celebrated, and displayed.

Reliquary cults were particularly important during the Romanesque period, both as a means of affirming or promoting identity and as a conduit for the divine. This book covers the geography of sainthood, the development of spaces for reliquary display, the distribution of saints across cities, the use of reliquaries to draw attention to the attributes, and the virtues or miracle-working character of particular saints. Individual essays range from case studies on Verona, Hildesheim, Trondheim and Limoges, the mausoleum of Lazarus at Autun, and the patronage of Mathilda of Canossa, to reflections on local pilgrimage, the deployment of saints as physical protectors, the use of imagery where possession
of a saint was disputed, island sanctuaries, and the role of Templars and Hospitallers in the promotion of relics from the Holy Land.

The book will serve historians and archaeologists studying the Romanesque period, and all those interested in material culture and religious practice in Latin Europe and the Mediterranean c.1000–c.1220.

Table of Contents

Notes on ContributorsPrefaceColour PlatesThe Lazarus Mausoleum at Autun RevisitedNeil Stratford

A re-præsentatio of Royal and Holy Bodies: The Monumental Tombs of Vienne Cathedral in their Liturgical Settings

Barbara Franzé

Heribert and Anno II of Cologne: Two Saintly Archbishops, their Cult, and their Romanesque Shrines

Susanne Wittekind

The Canonisation of Bernward and Godehard: Hildesheim as a Cultural and Artistic Centre in the 12th and 13th Centuries

Gerhard Lutz

A Garland of Saints: Romanesque Verona and the Evocation of Rome

Meredith Fluke

The Geography of Death: Tombs of Saints and Nobles in the Lands of the Canossas

Arturo Carlo Quintavalle

A Satirical Itinerary of Holy Bodies? Recommendations from The Pilgrim’s Guide

Rose Walker

The Pilgrimage Church of St Martin at Tours: The Building Project of the Treasurer Hervé (c. 10011022) and its Context

Richard Gem

Saint Martial of Limoges and the Making of a Saint

Claude Andrault-Schmitt

Local Hero: Saint Eusice at Selles-sur-Cher

Deborah Kahn

Extra-Mural Developments: The 11th-Century Reconstruction of St-Eutrope at Saintes

John McNeill

Stone, Image, Body: Constructing the Memory of Saint Dionysius in Regensburg

Michele Luigi Vescovi

Byzantine Echoes at the end of the 11th Century in the Kingdom of Aragon: Sancho Ramirez and the Relics of Saint Demetrios of Thessaloniki, Fact or Historiographic Fiction?

Marta Poza Yagüe

Inventing a New Antiquity: The Reliquary-Altar Depicting the Martyrdom of Saint Saturninus at Saint-Hilaire d’Aude

Manuel Castiñeiras

With Faithful Mind: The Pilgrimage to Santo Domingo de Silos

Elizabeth Valdez del Álamo

Bradanreolice, Burryholms, and Barry Island: Saints, Shrines and Island Pilgrimage Centres in the Severn Estuary

Jeremy Knight

Leo on the Margins? Reform, Romanesque, and the Monastery on Inishark Island, Ireland

Ryan Lash

Three Hungarian Shrines from 1083: Canonisation, Politics, and Reform

Béla Zsolt Szakács

The Royal and Christlike Martyr: Constructing the Cult of Saint Olav, 10301220

Øystein Ekroll

The “Forest of Symbols” on the Romanesque Bronze Doors at Gniezno Cathedral Church

Tomasz Węcławowicz

Images in the Bayeux Tapestry and Rodes Bible: Reliquaries, Models,and Meaning

Montserrat Pagès i Paretas

Templars, Cults, and Relics: The Cleveland Reliquary of the True Cross

Gaetano Curzi

Templars, Hospitallers, and Canons of the Holy Sepulchre on the Way of Saint James: Building at the Service of Lay Spirituality

Javier Martínez de Aguirre

Index